Peking University and Tsinghua make it into top echelons of list
The 10 universities ranked at the top of Shanghai Ranking’s Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) last year have all retained their place in the top 10 for 2016, despite some shuffling up and down.
The 2016 Shanghai Ranking results confirm Harvard University as number one in the world for the fourteenth year running. Stanford University also retained second place while Berkeley and University of Cambridge both dropped one place.
Eight of the top universities are in the United States, with Oxford and Cambridge completing the list of elite institutions in the top 10. One Swiss and one Japanese university make it in to the top 20.
Asia has broken new ground in this year’s ranking, with universities in China and Singapore in the top 100 for the first time. Tsinghua University in China is the country’s best university in 58th position, and the National University of Singapore is the country’s top entry at position 83.
Universities from mainland China broke into the global top 100 in an annual ranking for the first time on Monday.
China’s prestigious Tsinghua University was 58th, beating elite Peking University into 71st place in the “Academic Ranking of World Universities” compiled by the independent Shanghai Ranking Consultancy.
The National University of Singapore also entered the top 100 for the first time, tying for 83rd, it said.
Harvard remained number one for the 14th consecutive year.
Stanford maintained second place, but MIT dropped from third to fifth with the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Cambridge each moving up one spot to take third and fourth.
The Shanghai Ranking is consistently largely static at its top levels and this year nine of the top 20 were in unchanged positions and another nine moved by only one place.
The biggest change was by Britain’s Oxford University, which climbed three spots from 10th to seventh.
Princeton University was sixth again, with another three US institutions, the California Institute of Technology, Columbia University and the University of Chicago in places eight to 10.
The ranking, which was launched in 2003, has generated controversy in the past for what critics say is stressing science over the humanities in its grading.
The consultancy said the rankings use objective indicators including the number of staff and alumni winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, and articles published in the journals of Nature and Science, according to a statement.
The University of Tokyo was top at number 20 overall in the Asia-Pacific region.
The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich was the highest-ranked entry from continental Europe in 19th place, while the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, which came 31st, overtook France’s Pierre and Marie Curie University as mainland Europe’s next best, the statement said. - SCMP
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