KUALA LUMPUR: A recent survey has demonstrated the link between nations investing in higher education, either public or private leading to their universities ranking higher in the world.
It is a key differentiating factor between this year’s highly ranked institutions which are in South Korea, Russia, the US, and Mainland China and fallers which are mostly western and southern Europe, South Africa and Latin America, QS Quacquarelli Symonds reports in its annual QS World University Rankings survey.
As results indicates, US institutions hold all top-three places for the first time since 2--4/5 with MIT as the world’s top university for the fifth consecutive year, Stanford at second placing and followed by Harvard at third place.
The consistent drops within Western European institutions, particularly the UK and Germany saw the University of Cambridge down to fourth placing.
Russia and South Korea had risen significantly in the rankings from having 13 universities in the rankings compared to the current 16 making the top 500.
Mainland China has progressed significantly with Tsinghua bagging the 24th place, achieving its highest ever position.
As expected, leading all Asian universities is National University of Singapore with it’s placing at number 12.
Australia and Canada increases their representation in the top 200, with nine universities apiece, one more than last year.
Although Latin America struggles, but it still sees a top-100 institution for the first time since 2006. Universidad de Buenoes Aires occupies the 85th place which makes it the second-highest ran ever achieved by a Latin American university.
Universidade de Sao Paulo also occupies its highest ever position at the 120th place.
“Institutions in countries providing high levels of targeted funding, whether from endowments or the public purse, rise,” said Ben Sowter, Head of Research QS, in a media statement today.
Sowter explains that although conversely, Western European nations are making or proposing cuts to public research spending, it also loses ground to their US and Asian counterparts.
According to QS Quacquarelli Symonds, the rankings include 9916 universities from 81 countries. Thirty-three countries feature in the top 200.
The US dominates with 48 institutions which makes them ahead of the UK with 30 universities, the Netherlands with 12 universities, Germany with 11 universities, Canada, Australia with 9 universities, Japan with 8 universities, Mainland China with 7 universities, France, Sweden and finally, Hong Kong with 5 universities. - mD
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