Explore China's Culture - 9 things you may not know about Start of Autumn Explore in China - People and Culture

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The traditional Chinese lunar calendar divides the year into 24 solar terms. Start of Autumn, (Chinese: 立秋), the 13th solar term of the year, begins this year on Aug 8 and ends on Aug 22.

Start of Autumn reflects the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. The fruitful season is approaching.

In China, the 24 solar terms were created thousands of years ago to guide agricultural production. But solar term culture is still useful today to guide people's lives through special foods, cultural ceremonies and even healthy living tips that correspond with each term.

The following are 9 things you should know about Start of Autumn.

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File Photo

"Autumn Tiger"

Although Start of Autumn indicates the beginning of autumn, hot weather will not come to an end. The period of hot days after Start of Autumn, usually lasting for 30 days, is called "Autumn Tiger" or "Indian Summer." Because of decreasing precipitation, it is even more sweltering during this period than during Major Heat (July 23-August 7).

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Steamed buns[File Photo]

Fleshing out in autumn

On the first day of the Start of Autumn, usually people will weigh themselves and compare their weight to what it was at the Start of Summer. If one has lost weight during the summer, then at the beginning of autumn, he or she needs to flesh out by eating many different kinds of delicious food, especially meat.

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A vehicle helps villagers in Shimen village,Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region during the rush to harvest the early rice crop. [Photo by Meng Zengshi/asianewsphoto.com]

Gathering crops

Start of Autumn is a big solar term for farmers. It is time to gather crops. There is a saying: "If it rains on the day of the Start of Autumn, a good harvest is expected."

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Peaches. [Photo/IC]

Eating peaches

In Hangzhou, people eat peaches on the Start of Autumn day. The peach stones are kept until New Year's Eve and thrown into the stove, burned into ash. People believed that in this way, plagues could be prevented for the whole year.

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Longans.[File Photo]

Eating longans

The Start of Autumn period is harvest time for Taiwan longan. People believe that eating longan will help their descendants become senior officials.

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Dumplings.[File photo]

Eating dumplings

In Shandong province, people make dumplings during the Start of Autumn, and they call it "Eating the Autumn". On the day of Start of Autumn, senior members of the family will stand in the middle of the hall, worshiping a bowl of cereal, and praying for the harvest in autumn. Most of the families will eat dumplings together after Start of Autumn day.

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Red beans.[File Photo]

Eating red beans

Starting from the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and the Song Dynasty (960-1279), people in Yiwu, Zhejiang province, have eaten red beans on Start of Autumn day. They take seven to 14 little beans, swallowing them with well water. When taking the beans, one must face west, it is said, so as not to get dysentery during the autumn.

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Towel gourds.[File Photo]

Eating gourds

During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), people would put gourds outside for a day before the Start of Autumn, and eat them on Start of Autumn day to drive off the summer heat. Today people in Tianjing still keep this custom, believing that eating melons such as towel gourd, white gourd and bitter gourd can prevent diarrhea in autumn and the coming winter and spring.

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"Touching Autumn". [Photo by Yang Lanzhen/asianewsphoto.com]

"Touching Autumn"

There is the custom of "Touching Autumn" in the northern part of Yancheng, Jiangsu province. On the eve of Start of Autumn, people can touch and take for free all kinds of fruits as they like in private or public gardens, and the owners will not be angry, no matter how much they lose. Many gardeners even leave some mellow fruits in the field on purpose for the guests during the night.


The 24 solar terms are determined by changes in the sun's position in the zodiac during the year. They were first used in China and now are followed in many other parts of the world. In China, the 24 solar terms were created thousands of years ago to guide agricultural production. They also reflect China’s rich history through the seasonal festivals, special foods, cultural ceremonies, family gatherings and even healthy living tips that correspond with each solar term.

Here is a peek into the 24 terms in 2015.

Solar Terms

Date

Meaning

Start of Spring(立春)

Feb. 4

Spring begins.

Rain Water(雨水)

Feb.19

It begins to rain.

Awakening of Insects(惊蛰)

Mar. 6

Hibernating animals awaken.

Spring Equinox(春分)

Mar.21

Day and night are equally long.

Clear and Bright(清明)

Apr. 5

It is warm and bright.

Grain Rain(谷雨)

Apr. 20

Rainfall increases for grain to grow.

Start of Summer(立夏)

May 6

Summer begins.

Grain Buds(小满)

May 21

Seeds of summer crops begin to plump.

Grain in Ear(芒种)

Jun. 6

Wheat grows ripe.

Summer Solstice(夏至)

Jun. 22

The longest daylight hours and the shortest night of the year.

Minor Heat(小暑)

Jul. 7

Heat sets in.

Major Heat(大暑)

Jul. 23

The hottest time of the of year begins.

Start of Autumn(立秋)

Aug 8

Autumn begins.

End of Heat(处暑)

Aug 23

Heat recedes.

White Dew(白露)

Sep. 8

Dew forms.

Autumn Equinox(秋分)

Sep. 23

The middle of autumn comes.

Cold Dew(寒露)

Oct. 8

Dew is very cold.

Frost's Descent(霜降)

Oct. 24

Frost descends.

Start of Winter(立冬)

Nov. 8

Winter begins.

Minor Snow(小雪)

Nov. 22

It begins to snow.

Major Snow(大雪)

Dec. 7

It snows heavily.

Winter Solstice(冬至)

Dec. 22

It has the shortest day light hours and the longest night of a year.

Minor Cold(小寒)

Jan 6

It is rather cold.

Major Cold(大寒)

Jan 20

The coldest time of the year begins.


Source - en.people.cn

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