7 Modern Wonders in China That Amaze the World More About "SET" in China

In recent years, China has been stamping its name on the world stage as great nation in Science, Engineering and Technology ("SET") projects. 

Dubbed with the title of "World-largest", "World-longest", "World-fastest", "World-first", it took the world by storm and reshaped the world in "SET".

Beside generating great economic value to the country, these projects are set to enhance human connectivity and bring people closer, faster and safer. 

It certainly pave the way and open doors for more studies, researches and developments to bring greater values, welfare and benefits to mankind. 

See the list of these 7 "Modern Wonders" in China that amaze the World:


1. FAST telescope

A hollow that formed 45 million years ago following the collapse of a karst cave in southwestern China's Guizhou province is now home to the world's largest radio telescope. Scientists say it will become a big, sensitive "ear," listening to sounds from distant galaxies and decoding cosmic messages.

With an investment of 1.2 billion yuan ($182 million), China's largest ever astronautics project began in March 2011 and will be completed in July. It is expected to be operational by September 2016. 

Once complete, the "Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope," or FAST or Tianyan (Chinese: ??), will surpass the capability of Puerto Rico's Arecibo Observatory, which is 305 meters in diameter.

FAST will begin listening to the universe this fall. It will be tasked with surveying neutral hydrogen in the milky way and other galaxies, detecting pulsars and gravitational waves and looking for signs of extra-terrestrial life.

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2.Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge

Starting from the Lantau Island in Hong Kong, the Y-shaped bridge will have a total length of about 55 kilometers, including a 6.7-kilometer underwater tunnel and a 23-kilometer bridge over the sea. It will be the longest cross-sea bridge in the world.

Construction of the bridge started in 2009. Its total cost will come to some 10 billion yuan ($1.5 billion). Once in operation, the bridge will shorten the four-hour drive from Hong Kong to Zhuhai to just 30 minutes.

The bridge will serve as an important channel linking Hong Kong, Macau, Zhuhai the three major cities on the Pearl River Delta, one of the most economically developed areas in the Chinese mainland. 

China’s obsession with innovation, to a large extent nurtured in the Pearl River Delta, coupled with the urbanization drive, is leading to a new socioeconomic paradigm, a nation of several hundred cities housing from one million to tens of millions of people – nothing the world has even seen, except for Deng Xiaoping in his vision of “a thousand Singapores”.

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3.Sunway-TaihuLight

China's new supercomputing system, Sunway-TaihuLight, was named the world's fastest computer at the International Supercomputing Conference in Germany on June 20, 2016.

Able to perform 93 quadrillion calculations per second, Sunway TaihuLight bumped China's Tianhe-2 from the number one spot on the list of the 500 most powerful supercomputers in the world. Sunway TaihuLight, with 10,649,600 computing cores comprising 40,960 nodes, is twice as fast and three times as efficient as Tianhe-2, which performs only 33.86 quadrillion calculations per second. 

For the first time, the winner uses only Chinese-designed processors, not U.S. technology.

This is a new milestone for Chinese supercomputer development and a further erosion of past U.S. dominance of the field.

In 2016, China displaced the United States for the first time as the country with the most supercomputers in the top 500 ranking maintained by researchers in the U.S. and Germany. China had 167 systems and the United States had 165. Japan was a distant No. 3 with 29 systems.

Supercomputers are one of a series of technologies targeted by China’s ruling Communist Party for development and have received heavy financial support.

Such systems are used for weather forecasting, designing nuclear weapons, analyzing oilfields and other specialized purposes.

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4. BeiDou navigation system

China is currently establishing an industrial system for its domestically produced BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS). The country is developing chips, modules, antennae and other products based on the BDS and other compatible systems.

The BDS will provide constant, all-weather, high-accuracy positioning, navigation and timing services to users worldwide.

In-mid 2015, China started the build-up of the third generation BeiDou system (BDS-3) in the global coverage constellation. The first BDS-3 satellite was launched 30 September 2015. 

As of March 2016, 4 BDS-3 in-orbit validation satellites have been launched.

According to China Daily, fifteen years after the satellite system was launched, it is now generating $31.5 billion for major companies such as China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp, AutoNavi Holdings Ltd, and China North Industries Group Corp.

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5. Longjiang Grand Bridge

Longjiang Grand Bridge, Asia’s longest suspension bridge in a mountainous area, opened in southwest China’s Yunnan province on April 20, 2016.

Linking the cities of Baoshan and Tengchong, the bridge boasts a length of over 2,470 meters and a height of 280 meters. It cost 1.9 billion yuan (over $300 million) to bring the bridge into existence. The bridge will become a juncture between Yunnan province and India via Myanmar.

The remarkable bridge over Longjiang River is also expected to offer drivers breathtaking views of amazing natural scenery. 

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6. World's first quantum satellite

China started developing its quantum satellite in 2011, and launched the quantum optical fiber communication network project, the Beijing–Shanghai line, in 2013. 

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The Beijing–Shanghai quantum private communications line will cover a total length of more than 2,000 kilometers, connecting a network of numerous cities including Beijing, Jinan, Hefei and Shanghai. 

It will be the world's first wide-area optic fiber quantum private network. 

The quantum communications is a feat designed to improve the country's data transmission and thwart hackers.

The satellite is capable of securely sending and receiving data by establishing a strong quantum communication between space and Earth. Data sent between the two cannot be copied, stolen or spied on.

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7. High-speed rail

No sector better symbolizes China's shift from a nation of labor-intensive manufacturing to one that excels in sophisticated technology than the high-speed rail. Just a few years ago, the high-speed rail was a new concept to most Chinese people. 

Now, China boasts the most extensive high-speed railway network in the world. By the end of 2015, its total operating length had reached 19,000 kilometers, accounting for more than half of all high-speed rails across the world.

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